Mediæval Kabardian Alphabet: Kassogian Inscriptions in Kabarda

[Collected by Amjad Jaimoukha based on Peter Dobrev’s Inschriften und Alphabet der Urbulgaren, 1995. 
This theme is in need of further development by specialists to reproduce the whole mediæval writing system of the Kabardians]   
 
The early Middle Ages was a very interesting period in the history of  the alphabets. Various alphabets developed at different places of  Eastern  Europe  at  that  time.  Some  of  them  later  spread thousands of kilometres by  the  large migrations of peoples. During  this period,  quite  different  alphabets were  developed  almost  simultaneously in  the Caucasus and in its bordering areas – the Kassogian alphabet, the Armenian  alphabet,  the  Georgian  alphabet,  and  the  alphabet  of  the Caucasian  Albanians.  G.  Turchaninov  discovered  a  multiplicity  of inscriptions of this type in the North Caucasus, Southern Ukraine, and in the  Imeon  (Pamir) mountains. The direction of writing  from  left  to  the right,  although  rare  in  the  East,  was  characteristic  of  a  number  of Caucasian peoples, such as the Kassogs, etc.
 
The Kassogs, proto-Kabardians or  the ancestors of  the Kabardians, had developed  a  runic  alphabet  of  the Murfatlar  type  in  the  sixth-seventh
centuries  AD. Most  probably  this  intellectual  development  was  an adjunct to the spread of Christianity  in Kassogia (Kabarda), where there was need to spread the good word, so to speak.  

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