Ziramuk Kardengush(ev) 1918 - 2008

Ziramuk Kardengush(ev) (Къардэнгъущ| Зырамыку) 
10 January, 1918 - 25 December, 2008

An outstanding Adyghe figure, National Artist of Kabardino-Balkaria, Honored Art Worker Kabardino-Balkaria Republic and the Republic of Adygheya.

Ziramuk Kardengush was one of the greatest Circassian bards of the 20th century. He died in December 2008, just shy of his 91st birthday.

He was not just a writer and originator of the collections of ancient and modern Adyghean National folk songs. First of all he was a protector-guard of Adyghean culture. During his life, Ziramuk Kardengush was busy with collecting and systematizing Nart tales, proverbs, sayings and old songs.

Тхьэм хьэдрыхэ нэху къырит! Тхьэм дыкlэлъигъэбыдэ!  

Books that Ziramuk Kardengush authored and co-authored:

  1. Kardengush’ (Kardangushev), Z. (compiler), Kabardey Ts’ikhube Weredxer [Kabardian Folk Songs], 1955.
  2. Weredilhe [Collection of Songs], 1962. [100 'modern' Kabardian songs]
  3. Adige Weredizchxer [Ancient Circassian Songs], Nalchik: Elbrus Book Press, 1969. [34 songs; words in Kabardian; sheet music of each song; commentary at end of book]
  4. Adige ’Weri’watekher I [Circassian Tales, Vol. 1], Kabardino-Balkarian Science and Research Institute, Nalchik, 1963.
  5. Adige ’Weri’watekher II [Circassian Tales, Vol. 2], Kabardino-Balkarian Science and Research Institute, Nalchik: Elbrus Book Press, 1969 (1970).
  6. Adige Weredizchkher [Ancient Circassian Songs], Nalchik: Elbrus Book Press, 1979. [61 songs; words in Kabardian; no sheet music; stories of the songs at end of the book]
  7. Adige Psalhezchxer [Circassian Proverbs], Nalchik: Elbrus Book Press, 1982. [Available, in one form or another, on the Web]
  8. Adige X’wex’wxer (Khuekhuekher) [Circassian Toasts], Nalchik: Elbrus Book Press, 1985; reprinted: 1994. Online. Available HTTP: <http://www.circassianworld.com/Xuexuexer.html> (accessed 15 February 2008). [Introduction by Zaur Nalo]
  9. Bereghwn (Baragunov), V. H. and Kardengush’ (Kardangushev), Z. P’. (compilers), Adige Weredxemre Pshinalhexemre, Yape Txilh. Narodnie pesni i instrumentalnie naigrishi adigov, tom 1 [Circassian Songs and Instrumental Folk-Tunes, Vol. 1], Moscow: All-Union Book Publishing House ‘Soviet Composer’, 1980. Online. Available HTTP: <http://www.circassianlibrary.org/library.php?lang=en&mn=4&sbmn=1> (accessed 11 January 2009). [Edited by E. V. Gippius. This, and the other volumes in the series, are seminal works on Circassian musical lore. Some of the collected songs and chants are very ancient indeed]
  10. Adige Weredxemre Pshinalhexemre, Yet’wane Txilh. Narodnie pesni i instrumentalnie naigrishi adigov, tom 2 [Circassian Songs and Instrumental Folk-Tunes, Vol. 2], Moscow: All-Union Book Publishing House ‘Soviet Composer’, 1981.
  11. Adige Weredxemre Pshinalhexemre, Yeschane Txilh. Narodnie pesni i instrumentalnie naigrishi adigov, tom 3 [Circassian Songs and Instrumental Folk-Tunes, Vol. 3, Parts 1 and 2], Moscow: All-Union Book Publishing House ‘Soviet Composer’, 1986, 1990.
  12. Alieva, A. I., Gadagatl (Hedeghel’e), A. M. and Kardangushev, Z. P., Narti: Adigski geroiski èpos [The Narts: A Circassian Heroic Epos], Èpos Narodov SSSR [Epos of the Peoples of the USSR], Moscow, 1974. [In Circassian and Russian]
  13. Ghwch’emix’w, A. and Kardengush’, Z. P. (eds), Adige Psalhezchxer (yape txilh) [Circassian Proverbs, Vol. 1], Kabardino-Balkarian Science and Research Institute, Nalchik: The Kabardino-Balkarian Publishing House, 1965. [Introduction by Askerbiy Shorten]
  14. Ghwch’emix’w, A. M. and Kardengush’, Z. P. (compilers), Adige Psalhezchxer [Circassian Proverbs], Nalchik, 1968.
  15. Schojen, H. and Kardengush’, Z., Adige Khabze Schi’akher [Erstwhile Circassian Customs and Traditions], Nalchik, 1995.

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